Department of French

Modern & Medieval Languages

Department of French

Paper Fr 13

The French Language: Variation and Change

Students with little knowledge of French linguistics may find the following introductory books helpful:

  • A. Battye, M-A. Hintze and P. Rowlett, The French Language Today (Routledge, 2000)
  • R. Logde, N. Armstrong, Y. Ellis, J. Shelton, Exploring the French Language (Arnold, 1997)
  • G. Price, An Introduction to French Pronunciation (Blackwell, 2005)
  • H. Walter, Le français dans tous les sens (Laffont, 1988)

General Works on Language Variation and Change

  • J.K. Chambers, P. Trudgill and N. Schilling-Estes, The Handbook of Language Variation and Change (Blackwell, 2004)
  • M.C. Jones and I. Singh, Exploring Language Change (Routledge, 2005)
  • W. Labov, Sociolinguistic Patterns (Blackwell, 1985)
  • A.M.S. McMahon, Understanding Language Change (Cambridge University Press, 1994)
  • L. Milroy and M. Gordon, Sociolinguistics: Method and Interpretation (Blackwell, 2003)
  • For a useful discussion of methodology, specifically in relation to French, see:
  • F. Gadet, 'Variabilité, variation, variété: le français d'Europe', Journal of French Language Studies 6 (1996), pp. 75-98
  • R.A. Lodge, A Sociolinguistic History of Parisian French (Cambridge University Press, 2004)

Language Contact (Borrowing, Code Switching, Convergence)

Typology

  • J. Greenberg, 'Some Universals of grammar with particular reference to the order of meaningful elements', in J. Greenberg (ed.), Universals of Language (MIT, 1963)
  • M.B. Harris, The Evolution of French Syntax (Longman, 1978)

Language Planning

Regional French and Norman Dialectology

  • N. Armstrong and T. Pooley (eds.), Social and Linguistic Change in European French (Palgrave Macmillan, 2010)
  • P. Brasseur, Atlas linguistique et ethnographie normand (Editions du CNRS, 1980, 1984, 1997)
  • T. Bulot and M.C. Jones, 'Une ou des langues normandes? Politique linguistique et territorialisation', in M.C. Jones and T. Bulot (eds.), Sociolinguistique de la langue normande: pluralité, normes, représentations (L'Harmattan, 2009), pp. 7-18
  • F. Carton, 'Les Parleurs ruraux de la région Nord-Picardie. Situation sociolinguistique', International Journal of the Sociology of Language 29 (1981), pp. 15-28
  • F. Carton, M. Rossi, D. Autesserre and P. Léon, Les Accents du français (book and cassette, Hachette, 1983)
  • J. Chaurand, 'Les Français régionaux', in G. Antoine and R. Martin (eds.), Histoire de la langue française (1880-1914) (Editions du CNRS, 1985), pp. 339-368
  • J. Chaurand, 'Les Variétés Régionales du français', in G. Antoine and B. Cerquiglini (eds.), Histoire de la langue française (1945-2000) (Editions du CNRS, 1995), pp. 643-64
  • P. Falle, An Account of the Island of Jersey, 2nd edition (John Newton, 1734)
  • J. Gillieron and E. Edmont, Atlas Linguistique de la France (Champion, 1902-1910)
  • P. Guiraud, Patois et dialectes français (PUF, 1965; rééd. 1973)
  • R. Hawkins, 'Regional Variation in France', in C. Sanders (ed.), French Today (Cambridge University Press, 1993)
  • D. Hornsby, Redefining Regional French (Legenda, 2006)
  • R. Ingham, 'Bilingualism and syntactic change in medieval England', Reading University Working Papers in Linguistics 8 (2005), 1-25
  • R. Ingham, 'Syntactic change in Anglo-Norman and Continental French Chronicles: was there a "Middle" Anglo-Norman?', Journal of French Language Studies 16/1 (2006), pp. 25-49
  • R. Ingham, 'L'anglo-normand et la variation syntaxique en français médiéval', in M. Iliescu, H. Siller-Runggaldier & P. Danler (eds.), Proceedings of Colloque International de Linguistique et de Philologie Romane, University of Innsbruck 2007 (photocopy held in MML Library)
  • R. Ingham, 'Aussi en anglo-normand', in M. Abecassis (ed.), Proceedings of 2008 Association of French Language Studies Conference, 2008 (photocopy held in MML Library)
  • R. Ingham, 'Later Anglo-Norman as a contact variety of French?', in R. Ingham (ed.), The Anglo-Norman language and its contexts, Boydell (photocopy held in MML Library)
  • R. Ingham, 'The transmission of later Anglo-Norman: some syntactic evidence', in R. Ingham (ed.), The Anglo-Norman language and its contexts (photocopy held in MML Library)
  • H. Inglis, The Channel Islands, 4th edition (Whittaker, 1844)
  • M.C. Jones, 'Ambiguity and Unpredictability: Linguistic Change in Modern Jèrriais', Verbum 22/2 (2000), pp. 203-222
  • M.C. Jones, Jersey Norman French: A Linguistic Study of an Obsolescent Dialect (Blackwell, 2001)
  • M.C. Jones, 'Transfer and Changing Linguistic Norms in Jersey Norman French', Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 8/2 (2005), pp.159-175
  • M.C. Jones, The Guernsey Norman French Translations of Thomas Martin: A Linguistic Study of an Unpublished Archive (Peeters, 2008)
  • M.C. Jones, 'Etat Présent: Diatopic Variation and the Study of Regional French', French Studies 65/4 (2011), pp. 505-514
  • M.C. Jones and T. Bulot (eds.), Sociolinguistique de la langue normande: pluralité, normes, représentations (L'Harmattan, 2009)
  • F. Le Maistre, Dictionnaire Jersiais-Français (Don Balleine, 1966)
  • R. Lepelley, La Normandie dialectale, Petite encyclopédie des langages et mots régionaux de la province de Normandie et des Iles anglo-normandes (Office Universitaire d'Etudes Normandes, Université de Caen, 1989)
  • A. Lerond (ed.), 'Les Parlers régionaux', Langue Française 18 (1973), pp. 3-9
  • R. A. Lodge, French: From Dialect to Standard (Routledge, 1993)
  • J-B Martin, 'Le français régional', Le Français Moderne 65-66 (1997), pp. 55-69
  • T. Pooley, 'Sociolinguistics, Regional Varieties of French and Regional Languages of France', Journal of French Language Studies 10/1 (1999), pp. 117-157
  • G. Price, 'French in the Channel Islands', in G. Price, The Languages of Britain (Arnold, 1984), pp. 207-216
  • G. Price, 'Anglo-Norman', in G. Price, The Languages of Britain (Arnold, 1984), pp. 217-231
  • G. Taverdet and G. Straka, Les Français régionaux (Klincksieck, 1977)
  • P. Trudgill, Dialects in Contact (Blackwell, 1986)
  • H. Walter, Enquête phonologique et variétés régionales du français (PUF, 1982)
  • H. Walter, 'Patois ou français régional?', Le Fran&ccedi;ais Moderne 52 (1984), pp. 183-190
  • L. Warnant, 'Dialectes du français et français régionaux', Langue Française 18 (1973), pp. 100-126 (photocopy held in MML Library)
  • Census of Jersey (2001) http://www.gov.je/statistics/census.asp
  • The main Jèrriais website may be found at http://www.societe-jersiaise.org/geraint/jerriais.html

Language Death and Revitalisation

  • N.C. Dorian, Language Death: The Life-Cycle of a Scottish Gaelic Dialect (Pennsylvania University Press, 1981)
  • N.C. Dorian (ed.), Investigating Obsolescence (Cambridge University Press, 1989)
  • N.C. Dorian, 'Purism vs. compromise in language revitalization and language revival', Language in Society, 23 (1994), pp. 479-494
  • N.C. Dorian, 'Western language ideologies and small-language prospects', in L.A. Grenoble and L.J. Whaley (eds.), Endagered Languages: Current Issues and Future Prospects (Cambridge University Press, 1998), pp. 3-21
  • C.A. Ferguson, 'Diglossia', Word 15 (1959), pp. 325-40
  • J.A. Fishman, 'Language maintenance and language shift as a field of inquiry: revisited', in A.S. Dil (ed.), Language in Sociocultural Change: Essays by Joshua A. Fishman (Stanford University Press, 1972), pp. 76-134
  • J.A. Fishman, Reversing Language Shift (Multilingual Matters, 1991)
  • J.A. Fishman (ed.), Can Threatened Languages Be Saved? (Multilingual Matters, 2001)
  • L.A. Grenoble and L.J. Whaley (eds.), Endangered Languages: Current Issues and Future Prospects (Cambridge University Press, 1998)
  • M.C. Jones, Language Obsolescence and Revitalisation (Oxford University Press, 1998)
  • M.C. Jones, Jersey Norman French: A Linguistic Study of an Obsolescent Dialect (Blackwell, 2001)
  • M.C. Jones and I. Singh, Exploring Language Change (Routledge, 2005), Chapters 4 and 5
  • L. Kuter, 'Breton vs. French: language and the opposition of political, economic, social and cultural values', in N.C. Dorian (ed.), Investigating Obsolescence (Cambridge University Press, 1989), pp. 75-90
  • M. McDonald, We Are Not French! (Routledge, 1989)
  • R. Mougeon and E. Beniak, Linguistic Consequences of Language Contact and Restriction. The Case of French in Ontario, Canada (Clarendon Press, 1991)
  • C. Moseley (ed.), (2010) Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger (UNESCO). Online version available at http://www.unesco.org/culture/languages-atlas/index.php
  • N.N., 'Les Iles de la Manche, Jersey et Guernsey en 1848 et 1849', Revue des Deux Mondes 4 (1849), pp. 937-67
  • C.F. Voegelin and F.M. Voegelin, 'Is Tübatulabal De-Acquisition Relevant to Theories of Language Acquisition?', International Journal of American Linguistics, 43/4 (1977), pp. 333-8

Language and Identity

  • B. Anderson, Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism 1st edition (Verso, 1993) Reprinted 1991
  • W. Ayres-Bennett and M.C. Jones (eds.), The French Language and Questions of Identity (Legenda, 2007)
  • T. Bulot, La Langue vivante. L'identité sociolinguistique des Cauchois (L'Harmattan, 2006)
  • J. Edwards, Language, Society and Identity (Blackwell, 1989)
  • J. Edwards, Language and Identity (Cambridge University Press, 2009)
  • R.D. Grillo, Dominant Languages: Language and Hierarchy in Britain and France (Cambridge University Press, 1989)
  • A.M. Houdebine, 'Imaginaire linguistique et dynamique langagière: aspects théoriques et méthodologiques', La Bretagne Linguistique 10 (1995), pp. 239-255 (photocopy held in MML Library)
  • M.C. Jones, 'Death of a language, birth of an identity: Brittany and the Bretons', Language Problems and Language Planning 22(2) (1998), pp. 129-142
  • M.C. Jones, 'Identity Planning in an Obsolescent Variety: The Case of Jersey Norman French', Anthropological Linguistics 50/3-4 (2009), pp. 1-17
  • J.E. Joseph, Language and Identity (Palgrave, 2004)
  • N. Nywembe, 'Le français du Zaïre ou le français zaïrois?', in M. Francard and D. Latin (eds.), Le Régionalisme lexicale (Duculot, 1995)
  • E. Renan (1882), 'Qu'est-ce qu'une nation?' Lecture given at the Sorbonne, 11 March 1882 (Paris: Calmann Lévy). Cited in Joseph (2004: 112)

Polynomia

  • R.J. Blackwood, The State, The Activists and the Islanders - language policy on Corsica (Springer, 2008)
  • R.J. Blackwood, 'Compulsory Corsican classes in schools as a method for reversing the language shift to French', Transactions of the Philological Society 102(3) (2004), pp.307-333
  • J-M. Comiti, 'La Langue corse: une normalisation originale', http://www.interromania.com/studii/sunta/comiti/normalisation.htm
  • A. Jaffe, Ideologies in Action: Language Politics on Corsica (De Gruyter, 1999)
  • A. Jaffe, 'La polynomie dans une école bilingue corse: bilan et défis', Marges Linguistiques 10 (2005)
  • A. Jaffe, 'Language Ecologies and the meaning of Diversity: Corsican Bilingual Education and the concepts of "polynomial"', Encyclopedia and Language and Education
  • (2008), pp. 225-235 (.pdf file downloadable from http://www.springerlink.com/content/v8173243m0611576/
  • J.B. Marcellesi, 'Un cas originial: l'emergence de la langue corse', in Francophonie et polynomie: textes rassemblés par Claudine Bavoux et François Gaudin (CNRS, 2001), pp. 13-24
  • J. Sallabank, 'Standardisation, prescription and polynomial: can Guernsey follow the Corsican model?', Current Issues in Language Planning 11(4) (2010), pp. 211-330

General Histories of the French Language

  • F. Brunot, Histoire de la langue française (Paris, A. Colin, 13 volumes, 1905-13)
  • E. Einhorn, Old French, A Concise Handbook (Cambridge University Press, 1974)
  • A. Ewert, The French Language (Faber, reprinted 1966, rather old now but still useful)
  • R.A. Lodge, French: From Dialect to Standard (Routledge, 1993)
  • R.A. Lodge, A Sociolinguistic History of Parisian French (Cambridge University Press, 2004)
  • J. Picoche and C. Marchello-Nizia, Histoire de la langue française (Nathan, 1989)
  • M.K. Pope, From Latin to Modern French (Manchester University Press, reprinted 2nd ed, 1966)
  • R. Posner, Language Change in French (Oxford University Press, 1997)
  • G. Price, The French Language: present and past (Arnold, 1971)
  • P. Rickard, A History of the French language (Unwin Hyman, 1989)
  • W. von Wartburg, Evolution et structure de la langue française (Francke, 6th ed. 1962)

Last updated: January 2013

 

 

Share/Bookmark