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SP5 Reading List

This paper requires you to work in a comparative manner on the texts studied, understanding them in terms of their place within broad intellectual (and/or historical) currents within Latin America. Your essays in supervisions should for the most part be comparative and take into account at least two texts, as will be the case in examination. This will not prevent you from carrying out close analyses of texts, so long as they have regard to the question being asked. The emphasis of the paper is on culture (including literature, cinema, and visual arts). History is not taught as a separate component, but for many of the topics you are encouraged to set culture within its historical context, and some historical background will be given in lectures. [Some questions which can be answered with historical methodology: please consult your supervisor if this is of interest to you.]

The reading below is divided into a list of Core Texts and suggested texts for Further Study. You are advised to cover a fair proportion (but not all) of the Core Texts, as these will be at the core of the teaching provided for the topics. However, you are also free to explore around the topics and discover texts which might suggest new approaches within the overall topics you are studying. For suggested summer reading as preparation for the topics on this paper, please see the description of the paper. During the year you will study the Foundations Topic and three or four of the other topics. For examination purposes you will need to revise a minimum of Foundations and two other topics to be adequately prepared. Each topic except Foundations will have three questions on the paper, one of which may (for relevant topics) be specifically directed at historical issues. This paper can be studied for the Long Essay option.

 

Foundations, Identity, Difference

Core Texts

  • The Popl Vuh (Quiché, present-day Guatemala, c.1550)​ - consult editions translated by Adrián Recinos (Spanish - see http://images1.wikia.nocookie.net/__cb20120401010426/lecturastecnologia/... ), and Tedlock or Allen Christenson (English - see http://www.mesoweb.com/publications/publications.html )
  • Cristóbal Colón, "Carta a Luis de Santángel" (1493), available in Varela, ed., Textos y documentos completos​ (Madrid: Alianza) *
  • Guaman Poma de Ayala, Primer nueva corónica y buen gobierno​ (c. 1615)
  • Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, Facundo (1845)
  • Esteban Echeverría, El matadero (written 1841)
  • Alejo Carpentier, El reino de este mundo (1949)
  • Rosario Castellanos, Balún Canán (1957)
  • José María Arguedas, Los ríos profundos (1958)​

Further Study

  • Bartolomé de Las Casas, Brevísima relación de la destrucción de las Indias (1552) *
  • Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda, Sab (1841) [use the Manchester Hispanic Texts edition, edited by Catherine Davies]
  • Jorge Icaza, Huasipungo (1936)
  • Clorinda Matto de Turner, Aves sin nido (1889)
  • José Enrique Rodó, Ariel (essay, 1900) and Roberto Fernández Retamar Calibán (essay, 1971)
  • Samuel Ramos, El perfil del hombre y la cultura en México (essay, 1934)
  • Octavio Paz, El laberinto de la soledad (essay, 1959).
  • Edward Lucie-Smith, Latin American art of the 20th Century [for visual arts component]
  • Dawn Ades, Art in Latin America: The Modern Era 1820-1980 [for visual arts component]

* Please note that the recommended texts by Colón and Las Casas have changed for Tripos 2018. Previously they were: Colón, Diario del primer viaje​ (c. 1492) and Las Casas, “Especies de barbarie” in Apologética historia sumaria (1536). If any student has prepared the previous texts, this is not a problem, they are equally pertinent to the Foundations topic. In that case, they should contact the lecturer, Caroline Egan, for advice or supervision.

Charting Revolution

​Core Texts

  • Mariano Azuela, Los de abajo (1915)
  • Nellie Campobello Cartucho (1931)
  • Juan Rulfo, El llano en llamas (1953)
  • Carlos Fuentes, Gringo viejo (1986)

Further Study

  • Elena Garro, Los recuerdos del porvenir (1963)
  • Jorge Ibargüengoitia, Los relámpagos de agosto (1963)
  • Elena Poniatowska, La noche de Tlatelolco (1971)
  • Ángeles Mastretta, Arráncame la vida (1985)

 

Representing the City

Core Texts

  • Roberto Arlt, El juguete rabioso (1926)
  • Carlos Fuentes, Agua quemada
  • Luis Buñuel, Los olvidados (1950) [film]
  • Eliseo Subiela, Últimas imágenes del naufragio (1989) [film]

Further Study

  • Juan Carlos Onetti, El pozo (1939)
  • Hugo Santiago Muchnick (dir.), Invasión [film, 1969]
  • Ernesto Sábato, Informe sobre ciegos (1961)
  • Manuel Puig, The Buenos Aires Affair (1973)
  • Luis Zapata, El vampiro de la Colonia Roma (1979)
  • Guillermo del Toro, Cronos (1992) [film]
  • Walter Doehner Pecanins, Íntimo terror (1990) [film]

 

Penning the Dictator

​Core Texts

  • Miguel Ángel Asturias, El señor Presidente (1946)
  • Isabel Allende, La casa de los espíritus (1982)
  • Marta Traba, Conversación al sur (1981)
  • Luisa Valenzuela, Cambio de armas (1982)

Further Study

  • Jorge Zalamea, El gran Burundún-Burundá ha muerto (1952)
  • Reinaldo Arenas, Arturo, la estrella más brillante (1984)

 

Labyrinths of Fiction

Core Texts

  • Adolfo Bioy Casares, La invención de Morel​ (1940)
  • Jorge Luis Borges, Ficciones (1944)
  • Julio Cortázar, Bestiario (1951)
  • Gabriel García Márquez, Crónica de una muerte anunciada (1981)

​Further Study

  • Felisberto Hernández, Las Hortensias y otros cuentos​ (1949)
  • Juan José Arreola, Confabulario (1952)
  • Carlos Fuentes, Aura (1962)
  • Carlos Fuentes, Zona sagrada (1967)
  • Sergio Renán (dir.), El sueño de los héroes [film, 1997]
  • Mario Vargas Llosa, Elogio de la madrastra​ (1988)