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SP3: Literatures and Cultures of Medieval Iberia, Early Modern Spain and Latin America

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The study of the Iberian Middle Ages and Spanish early modern period is fundamental to the understanding of modern Spain and its culture. These eras were times of intense political and religious upheaval, yet they fostered a rich, vibrant literary and artistic culture unique in Europe. Historically the peninsula was a site of successive waves of invasion and colonization so that its cultural substrata encompass pagan, Christian, Judaic, and Islamic influences. As a result medieval Hispanic culture is diverse and distinctive in its mixture of Islamic, Hebraic and Christian elements.

After the fall of the Islamic state of Granada to the Catholic Monarchs in 1492, the Castilian language became dominant, the Spanish state had cemented its power, and the themes and ideals that were to shape later Spanish literature and thought had taken root. At this point, Spain developed the largest and most important Empire in the Early Modern period, and was poised at a dynamic moment when it was simultaneously at the height of its power and already on the brink of decline. Across the Atlantic, the conquest of Mexico brought the cultural and political complexity of the Iberian world into contact and conflict with diverse indigenous societies.

Students will acquire a sound knowledge of the literature, art, social and political history of the Middle Ages and Early Modern period in the Spanish peninsula, enabling them to understand key concerns of this era within the unique context of the multicultural society of medieval Spain. One topic focuses on medieval culture (War and the Hero), two topics address central early modern preoccupations with love and the demonic (The Great Romance & Playing the Devil), and introduce students to the richness and variety of expression of those themes through important literary and dramatic texts. The fourth topic will enable students to explore major literary texts from the medieval and Early Modern periods through their reception on film (Screening the Text); they will gain an insight into the illuminating dialogue between past and present which stimulates new readings of old texts. Finally, in the transatlantic component of this paper, students will develop a nuanced understanding of the construction of colonial Latin American narratives by comparing three texts written on a single historical event (Rewriting the Conquest of Mexico).

Students should note that Sp3 also provides excellent preparation for the Part II Medieval (Sp14) and Early Modern (Sp7) papers.

 

Topics: 

War and the Hero

Set texts

Gonzalo de Berceo, Vida de Santo Domingo de Silos

Libro de Alexandre

Poema de Fernán González

 

The Great Romance

Set texts

Ana Caro, Valor, agravio y mujer

Miguel de Cervantes, Los trabajos de Persiles y Sigismunda

Garcilaso de la Vega, Obra poética

Agustín Moreto, El lindo don Diego

Lope de Vega, Rimas humanas y divinas del licenciado Tomé de Burguillos

 

Playing the Devil

Set texts

Pedro Calderón de la Barca, El mágico prodigioso

Miguel de Cervantes, El licenciado Vidriera and El casamiento engañoso y Coloquio de los perros in Novelas ejemplares

Tirso de Molina, El condenado por desconfiado

Francisco de Quevedo, Sueño del infierno and Alguacil endemoniado, in Los Sueños

Luis Vélez de Guevara, El Diablo Cojuelo

María de Zayas, El jardín engañoso, in Novelas amorosas y ejemplares; La perseguida triunfante in Desengaños amorosos

 

Rewriting the Conquest of Mexico

Set texts

Francisco López de Gómara, Historia de la Conquista de México

Bernal Díaz del Castillo, Historia verdadera de la conquista de la Nueva España

Fernando de Alva Ixtlilxóchitl, 'Décimatercia relación. De la venida de los españoles y principio de la ley evangélica'

 

Screening the Text

Set texts

Cantar de mio Cid 

Miguel Iglesias, dir., Las hijas del Cid, 1962 (film)

Angelino Fons, dir., El Cid Cabreador, (1983) (film)

Fernando de Rojas, La Celestina

Juan Guerrero Zamora, dir., La Celestina (1982) (TVE film)

Gerardo Vera, dir., La Celestina, 1996 (film)

Lazarillo de Tormes

César Ardavín, dir., Lazarillo de Tormes, 1959 (film)

Fernando Fernán-Gómez, dir., Lázaro de Tormes, 2001, (film)

Lope de Vega, El perro del hortelano

Pilar Miró, dir. El perro del hortelano, 1995, (film)

 

Preparatory reading: 
  • Catherine Davies, ed., The Companion to Hispanic Studies (London: Arnold, 2002); chapters 2 and 3.
  • Alan Deyermond, A Literary History of Spain: The Middle Ages (London: Benn, 1971).
  • J.H. Elliott, Imperial Spain, 1469-1716 (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1963; reprints).
  • Matthew Restall and Felipe Fernández Armesto, The Conquistadors: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford: OUP, 2012).
  • Henry Kamen, Spain, 1469-1714, 2nd edn (London: Longman, 1991).
  • Angus MacKay, Spain in the Middle Ages (London: Macmillan, 1977).

 

Full reading list

Please see the full reading list here.

 

Teaching and learning: 

The teaching for this paper will consist of lectures, seminars and supervisions focused upon each of the five topics. Students will normally study three out of the five topics, with four or five lectures devoted to each. 

Please see Sp.3's Moodle page. The enrolment password can be collected from the paper coordinator.

Assessment: 

Assessment will be by end-of-year examination. This paper is also available for examination by Long Essay.

Please see the specimen paper for the revised Sp3.

Course Contacts: 
Dr Rodrigo Cacho (paper co-ordinator MT17)
Dr Louise Haywood (paper co-ordinator LT & ET18)